Preparing Your Kit - Store your Emergency Kit in one location that is easily accessible in case evacuation is required. Store items in a large container such as a plastic tub with a lid, a suitcase, a duffel bag, or footlocker. Keep only essential supplies in the kit. Store water in plastic containers such as soft drink bottles instead of containers that will decompose or break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles. A normally active person needs to drink at least two quarts of water each day. Hot environments and intense physical activity can double that amount. Children, nursing mothers, and ill people will need more. Store one gallon of water per person per day (two quarts for drinking, two quarts for food preparation/sanitation). Keep at least a three-day supply of water for each person in your household.
Food - Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and use little or no water. Include a selection of the following foods in your Emergency Kit. Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits & vegetables Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water).
Staples - sugar, salt, pepper High energy foods - peanut butter, jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix Vitamins Foods for infants, elderly persons or persons on special diets
Comfort/stress foods - cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals, lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags
First Aid Kit Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid kit should include: Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes 2 & 4 inch sterile gauze pads (4-6) Hypoallergenic adhesive tape Triangular bandages 2 & 3 inch sterile roller bandages Scissors Tweezers Needle Moistened towelettes Antiseptic Thermometer Tongue blades Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant Assorted sizes of safety pins Cleansing agent/soap Latex gloves (2 pair) Sunscreen Aspirin or non-aspirin pain reliever Anti-diarrhea medication Antacid Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center) Laxative Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center).
Tools and Supplies Mess kits or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils Emergency preparedness manual Battery operated radio and extra batteries Flashlight and extra batteries Cash or Traveler's Checks, change Non-electric can opener, utility knife Fire extinguisher: Small canister, ABC type Tube tent Pliers Tape Compass Matches in a waterproof container Aluminum foil Plastic storage containers Signal flare Paper, pencil Needles, thread Medicine dropper Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water Whistle Plastic sheeting Map of the area (for locating shelters).
Sanitation - Toilet paper, towelettes Soap, liquid detergent Feminine products Personal hygiene products Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation use) Plastic bucket with tight lid Disinfectant/Household chlorine bleach.
Clothing and Bedding - Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear Sturdy shoes or work boots Rain Gear Blankets or sleeping bags Pillows Hats, gloves and sunglasses Thermal underwear Special Items For Baby Formula Diapers Bottles Powdered milk Medications For Adults Heart and High blood pressure medication Insulin Prescription drugs Denture needs Contact lenses and supplies Extra eye glasses Entertainment Games and books.
Important Family Documents Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container. Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds Passports, social security cards, immunization records Bank account numbers and companies, Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates).
Suggestions and Reminders:
Store your kit in a convenient place known to all family members. Keep a smaller version of the Emergency Kit in the trunk of your car.
Keep items in airtight plastic bags and in convenient moveable containers.
Change your stored water supply every six months so it stays fresh.
Rotate your stored food every six months.
Re-think your kit and family needs at least once a year. Replace batteries, update clothes, etc.
Ask your physician or pharmacist about storing prescription medications.